Produced and distributed under the direction of the Clerk of the House and Secretary of the Senate.


A legislator decides to sponsor a bill, sometimes at the suggestion of a constituent, interest group, public official or the Governor. The legislator may ask other legislators in either chamber to join as cosponsors.

At the legislator's direction, the Revisor's Office, Office of Policy and Legal Analysis, and Office of Fiscal and Program Review staff provide research and drafting assistance and prepare the bill in proper technical form.

The bill then goes to the Clerk of the House or Secretary of the Senate. The bill is numbered, a committee reference is suggested and the bill is printed. The bill is placed on the respective body's calendar.

The originating branch refers the bill to one of the Joint Standing or Joint Select committees, and then sends the bill to the other body for concurrence.

When scheduled by the chairs, the committee conducts a public hearing where it accepts testimony supporting and opposing the proposed legislation from any interested party. Notices of public hearings are printed in newspapers with statewide distribution, and posted on the Legislature's web site (see Committee Information).

When the bill is reported to the floor, it receives its first reading and any committee amendments are adopted at this time. The committee reports the bill to the originating body as is, with amendment or with a divided report, or notifies both chambers if the recommendation is a unanimous Ought Not to Pass.

The next legislative day the bill is given its second reading and floor amendments may be offered. When one body has passed the bill to be engrossed, it is sent to the other body for its consideration. The House has a consent calendar for unanimous Ought to Pass or Ought to Pass as Amended bills which takes the place of first and second readings.

The bill goes through a similar process in the second chamber. If the other body amends the bill, it is returned to the first chamber for a vote on the changes. It may then be sent to a conference committee to work out a compromise agreeable to both bodies. A bill receives final legislative approval when it passes both bodies in identical form.

After final passage (enactment) the bill is sent to the Governor. The Governor has ten days in which to sign or veto the bill. If the Governor does not sign or veto the bill and the Legislature is still in session, after ten days the bill becomes law as if the Governor signed it. If the Legislature has adjourned for the year, the bill does not become law. This is called a "pocket veto." If the Legislature comes back into session, the Governor has three days in which to deliver a veto message to the chamber of origin or the bill becomes law.

A bill becomes law 90 days after the end of the legislative session in which it was passed. A bill can become law immediately if the Legislature, by a 2/3 vote of each body, declares that an emergency exists. An emergency law takes effect on the date the Governor signs it unless otherwise specified in its text. If a bill is vetoed, it will become law if the Legislature overrides the veto by a 2/3 vote of those members present and voting in each chamber.

Reporting Bills From Committee

Committee reports shall include one of the following recommendations:

When the committee recommendation is not unanimous, a minority report or reports are required.